LawPracticeZA is a web-based ("cloud") Billing and Matter Management application with integrated business and trust accounting for South African law firms.
Continually honed in daily use by thousands of users (of all legal specialities including advocates)
Seamless controls built-in for ease and accuracy
Start using now and work from anywhere, anytime
Users and Testimonials
Join the growing number of law firms using LawPracticeZA around South Africa.
always prompt, professional and proactive- Ntombi Baepi
As a growing legal practice, we needed a user friendly software programme to effectively structure and manage our day-to-day operations. The system has made a positive difference in nearly every aspect of our legal practice. The service that is provided to our firm is the absolute best, always prompt, professional and proactive. The professionals are knowledgeable and experienced and can always be trusted to provide the most efficient solutions that are tailored to our needs. LawPracticeZA is a seamless web-based application that is accessible from any device in any location and has been a game changer to all our admin tasks, our financials and accounting needs, amongst other things. I would recommend them to other law practices.
I would recommend LawPracticeZA to any size law firm.- Annemarie Joubert
LawPracticeZA has been one of the most valuable tools in my practice. It's simple and easy to use, but most importantly the support from the LawPracticeZA team is amazing and only an email away. Quick response time with clear explanations. It's also cost effective as it offers variable prices depending on the number of users. So even for the small law firm it is definitely worth it. I would recommend LawPracticeZA to any size law firm.
Anton Myburgh Attorneys, Vanderbijlpark
"LawPracticeZA has enabled me to keep a proper record of all transactions and of my fees and expenses"- Anton Myburgh
I am a single practitioner with a small practice and LawPracticeZA has enabled me to keep a proper record of all transactions and of my fees and expenses. The system is user-friendly and backed up with immediate attention by Andrew and his team if you have any issues or enquiries. I can see my fees and other relevant info on the dashboard and with a mere click I can get the details. I recommend LawpracticeZA to any practice big or small.
Accessible, Cost Effective and Innovative- Gareth Mauck
Having used various legal accounting software we have settled on LawPracticeZA for our firm. LawPracticeZA is a web based application allowing for seamless, full access to our financials and accounting from any device in any location, this has been a game changer for us. LawPracticeZA is great value for money and its pricing structure is suitable for small and large firms. Lastly LawPracticeZA continue innovate and better their product offering by engaging the customer in their specific requirements and issues.
I have not used a better product.
The system is an absolute pleasure to work with, providing simplified but comprehensive recording, billing, reports and the like...- Danielle Brown
Our firm began using LawPracticeZA in May 2018 and will not even consider looking elsewhere. The system is an absolute pleasure to work with, providing simplified but comprehensive recording, billing, reports and the like. What most stands out about LawPracticeZA is not only the very reasonable price and the valuable time it saves the firm in doing all of the accounting and management; it is the absolutely outstanding customer service they offer. Andrew has always responded in a very timeous manner, offering a very detailed explanation of how to perform tasks and transactions and how to rectify any mistakes that have been made by the user. I would recommend LawPracticeZA to any person/firm without any hesitation whatsoever because every single thing about it is just so efficient. LawPracticeZA is a credit to the developers and to our firm and as such has become a valuable asset.
I just wish I had found this earlier on and I would have saved a lot of time, stress and money.- Aida Florio
The past few years I have tried various legal software programmes and just couldn’t get the right one. The first one was great but was then discontinued. The second was so confusing for a lawyer-the bookkeeper loved it but for me-it was upside down and back to front. I went on a training course for the next one but was still not convinced. The next two I had demos on both but they also seemed to be missing something. I then settled for a great programme that was way over my budget but seemed to suit my needs. Eventually I had to give that one up and prayed for a more affordable solution for our firm and I found Law Practice. It is so simple to use. It does exactly what it says it can do. It keeps track of the accounting, the invoicing and the diary in a colourful format. The support team answer so quickly and Andrew explains things in simple terms with screenshots. I just wish I had found this earlier on and I would have saved a lot of time, stress and money. Thank you Andrew.
[LawPracticeZA] has brought much relief to the financial side of my practice- Mokhele Thabiso Matsau
I have been on the LawPracticeZA accounting system for some time now. It is so user-friendly and yet comprehensive. It has brought much relief to the financial side of my practice. Add to that your availability, Andrew, at all times to guide and explain whenever I have called on your help. I would certainly recommend LawPracticeZA .
Affordable, user friendly and my trust auditor loves it- Bianca Larratt
Attorney Bianca Larratt of Durban, after going on her own says: "LawPracticeZA bookkeeping has been stress free and the billing in particular has had a positive impact on my cash flow. I have nothing but good things to say about your product. It's affordable, user friendly and your support has been great when we've hit a snag." And from Bianca's auditor Diana Nel, after a trust audit, to Bianca: "You made a good choice. Andrew showed us a function in the program that will benefit you. It is called Reconzilla – it feeds all the transactions in the system automatically and thereby ensures all transactions are captured and bank balances monthly. I love this program."
Various reports offer helpful insights into our business in real time- Gabriella Pacitti
We have been making use of LawPracticeZA since starting our practice in July 2020 and couldn’t be happier with their service offering. The product is very user friendly and motivates greater productivity in the workplace. Andrew and the rest of the team are always quick to respond to queries and very hands-on in their approach to problem solving. Adding new users is simple and quick and the various reports available offer helpful insights into our business in real time. We would recommend LawPracticeZA to any law firm!
LawPracticeZA is now paying for itself…- Cormac Cullinan
We have been very happy with our move to LawPracticeZA and I have no hesitation in recommending it. LawPracticeZA is now paying for itself because it is easier for our lawyers to record their time, the search functions make it quicker to find what one is looking for, and the amount of time our administrative staff spend preparing invoices has been substantially reduced. We found the transition to LawPracticeZA surprisingly easy after our experiences with other accounting and time-recording software. LawPracticeZA assisted us to upload our data across and because the product is so intuitive to use, our staff required very little training. We have also appreciated the fact that the developers (Nitric) were willing and able to make the minor adjustment we asked for to make the software work better for us.
...the best software out there.- Nicholas Lazarides
LawPracticeZA is by far the most user friendly and simple to use legal practice software that I have used to date. Its web-based design makes it easy to access and removes the stress of lengthy downtimes and updates. The team at LawPracticeZA is always eager to help whenever I need assistance. To sum it up, LawPracticeZA is the best software out there.
Mastering LawPracticeZA has been hassle free- Pieter Heyneke
As a growing in-house legal department we required a system to effectively structure and manage our day-to-day legal matters and to accurately report back to the board on hours 'billed' to each of the investment companies we represent. LawPracticeZA has made it possible for us to structure the in-house legal department like an attorneys firm, allowing us to open files for matters, allocating hours spent to matters and diarising matters – amongst others. Mastering LawPracticeZA has been hassle free and we enjoy the flexibility the system offers.
... an effective system at a reasonable price... makes my life easy to work with your online system...- Adv Lionel G Marx
Hi Andrew and the team
I am very satisfied with LawPracticeZA. Your support has always been in good time whenever I have had an enquiry. As a Trust Account Advocate, it makes my life easy to work with your online system as I have to spend my time rather on writing fees, consultations and court appearances.
I would really recommend your system to legal practitioners who require an effective system at a reasonable price.
Your payslips system have been ideal for me and works well. It is quite comprehensive on detail on the payslip.
Your team has always been willing to listen regarding my needs as a Trust Account Advocate and accordingly developing your system for the changing profession's requirements.
Once again, thank you.
Adv Lionel G Marx
Overall, super impressed! Don't know how we managed in the first place.- Adam Pike
The transfer of our accounting and client data from the on-site database server to the cloud based solution was seamless, and hassle free. The usefulness of the systems is that it is browser based, which means that one can record time from a mobile device, which very few platforms offer at LawPracticeZA's price point. The systems offers many pathways to effective client and matter management. Moreover, invoices and statements can be generated and sent to clients with a couple of ticks and a few more clicks of a mouse. Generally, billing and bookkeeping is simplified and streamlined. Importantly for a growing practice, the solution is scalable, intuitive and user-friendly. The graphic interface gives each practitioner a broad view of their day-to-day performance. The integration between the software and our calendar client is super useful to busy (read "administratively impaired") practitioners. The pivot tables in the excel spreadsheets is a potent management and planning tool, that assists with calculating performance incentives and measurement. Overall, super impressed! Don't know how we managed in the first place.
user-friendly and intuitive ... allows me to professionally and seamlessly manage my fees- Simone Dickson
LawPracticeZA has been a game-changer for me after starting my own consultancy. I was very used to having an assistant dedicated to handling all of my admin and having to take this on myself was daunting to say the least! I heard about LawPracticeZA while chatting to other attorneys who had recently gone on their own and this has proven to be one of the most valuable investments I have made into my own business! The system is user-friendly and intuitive and allows me to professionally and seamlessly manage my fees, time recordal, invoicing, collections, debtors and client reporting with hardly any effort (I don’t think I have even scratched the surface of what functionality the system is capable of). The LawPracticeZA support team has also been great with exceptional “above and beyond” response times. I couldn’t recommend it more.
support… is excellent- Kerry Loukakis
I have recently moved across to LawPracticeZA as I was looking for a cloud based accounting program and I am really impressed with the product. Billing is now so quick and simple and I find the program user friendly. The support received from the LawPracticeZA team is excellent and any queries are dealt with quickly and efficiently.
Comprehensive Billing, Quick Trust Transfers, Simplified Month Ends, Thoughtful Updates, Efficient Time & File Management, all in the cloud = A HASSLE FREE LEGAL ACCOUNTING SOFTWARE- Abeda Gani
LawPracticeZA has simplified and taken the hassle out of the admin intensive part of a law practice. The system has a great look and feel, is user-friendly with practically no training required. All you need is an internet connection. With cloud storage the worry of theft of your server is now gone.
- These are some of the countless benefits of the system. I would highly recommend LawPracticeZA to any firm searching for a COMPLETE legal and accounting software.
- time saving
- bill from anywhere via various billing methods
- invoicing on the go
- pre-loaded fee structures
- increased fee generation
- monitor staff targets and their file management
- determine trust creditors and generate trust transfers and month ends in seconds
- keep file notes and diarize at the click of a button
LawPracticeZA is a user-friendly software programme which, from a fee capturing perspective, is very simple and easy to use.- Natasha Christophers
LawPracticeZA is a user-friendly software programme which, from a fee capturing perspective is very simple and easy to use. It contains pre-installed fee levels and activities which can be captured on the basis of Time, Unitary or Disbursements. If an error is made, it is very easy to remedy. We have always received quick, efficient, same-day responses from the support team who are very helpful. LawPracticeZA is a pleasure for attorneys to use as an efficient time capturing and invoicing tool
... significantly cheaper than our previous legal accounting system... [and] has also proved to be a great deal more functional and user-friendly- Mike Matthews
We migrated our accounting system to LawPracticeZA about a year ago and we haven’t looked back since. Not only is the LawPracticeZA platform significantly cheaper than our previous legal accounting system, but it has also proved to be a great deal more functional and user-friendly. That LawPracticeZA is a cloud-based legal accounting solution means that we are not restricted to using its considerable benefits only from our office, since we can access LawPracticeZA anywhere. We have made suggestions to Andrew and his team from time to time concerning what we consider to be value adds for our practice and our suggestions have always been enthusiastically accepted and effectively acted on. I strongly recommend LawPracticeZA to my colleagues.
We have finally found a system that accommodates all our legal and accounting requirements- Marlon Shevelew
After 14 years of running my own law firm and having tried and tested so many different products, we have finally found a system that accommodates all our legal and accounting requirements. LawPracticeZA is simple to use, allows us to look after our clients, aim for our targets and reflect on company growth. The support of Andrew Spagnoletti of course is simply incredible and is in keeping with the overall excellence of this system.
...has transformed our business....- Ernest van Staden
LawPracticeZA has transformed our business and it is now a streamlined operation in which we don’t spend much time on admin or bookkeeping. Definitely the best system for remotely operated firms with little to no support staff.
We have saved a tremendous amount of money and effort by moving to LawPracticeZA- Johan Snyman
- We at Diamond Inc hereby wish to show our gratitude for your company and service through this letter.
- After years of being with one supplier we can honestly say we never thought it will be easy to move to a new supplier yet the professional team of Law Practice ZA assisted above and beyond expectation to create a smooth conversion with very little hassle.
- We have saved a tremendous amount of money and effort by moving to Law Practice ZA.
- Further to this without any hesitation or hidden fees the Law Practice ZA system was tweaked and added to by the team to suite our specific needs.
- The service is always responsive and excellent, and we truly believe we made the best possible choice in converting to Law Practice ZA.
- We thank you and appreciate the service we received more than we can state in one letter.
With the features contained in LawPracticeZA, our firm has increased its revenue and efficiency- Derek Sathenna
LawPracticeZA has made a positive difference in nearly every aspect of our legal practice. It is practice management software that is constantly updated and developed to benefit its users and to meet changing regulations in the industry. Having LawPracticeZA in our firm has enabled our lawyers to focus on practising law rather than on administration. With the features contained in LawPracticeZA, our firm has increased its revenue and efficiency. The technical support from Andrew and his team is incredibly efficient. We look forward to growing our business with LawPracticeZA for years to come.
A great system... easy to understand and easy to adapt to- Dr Zolani Buba
The system has assisted us in transitioning from manual methods of capturing time, ensuring that we were able to stop fee leakages. It has definitely been a great system which is easy to understand and easy to adapt to
"... providing us with critical insight into our business..."- Anneke Wheelan
LawPracticeZA is real-time accounting providing us with critical insight into our business which allows us to make fast decisions and ultimately become more dynamic and competitive in the marketplace. Automatic invoice reminders reduce our admin costs chasing debts, while VAT and Payroll processing and filing features save us huge amounts of time. All this adds up to a very comprehensive system that we use on a daily basis. I am happy to see continued improvements and new features in the system and regularly recommend LawPracticeZA to my colleagues.
Dit is fisies onmoontlik om fooie te verloor aangesien dit jou toelaat om selfs van jou selfoon af rekeninge op te stel wanneer jy in die hof sit en wag vir tyd om verby te gaan- Bernice de Beer
Ons firma het in Februarie 2018 begin om LawPracticeza te gebruik en kon onmiddelik ‘n verhoging in fooie sien. Die stelsel maak dit baie eenvoudig om alle uitstaande fakture van ‘n enkele kliënt op te volg. Fakture word in ‘n fraksie van die tyd opgestel en onmiddelik vanself uitgestuur. State is ook maklik leesbaar en verstaanbaar. Die sisteem maak dit ook maklik om fakture en state oor WhatsApp te stuur aan kliënte wat nie e-pos gebruik nie wat beteken dat alle kliënte op hoogte gehou kan word van hul uistaande rekeninge of om aan kliënte te verreken. Dit stelsel is ook baie eenvoudig om te gebruik. Dit is fisies onmoontlik om fooie te verloor aangesien dit jou toelaat om selfs van jou selfoon af rekeninge op te stel wanneer jy in die hof sit en wag vir tyd om verby te gaan. Andrew is baie behulpsaam en oop vir voorstelle om die sisteem te verbeter na aanleiding van die kliënt se behoeftes. Die feit dat die sisteem “web based” is beteken dat ‘n mens nooit weer data sal verloor nie en dat jy van enige plek en enige tyd kan werk solank jy ‘n internet konneksie het. LawPracticeZA kan met gemoedsrus aan firmas van enige grootte aanbeveel word.
We are very happy with our move... the new dashboard is a personal favourite...- Clynette Gildenhuys
We joined LawPracticeZA in December 2016 and since are very happy with our move, and we have no hesitation in recommending this software to any law firm. The product is extremely user friendly. The functions of recording time, searching, drafting and invoicing are easy and saves a lot of time. The new Dashboard is a personal favourite as you can with the opening of the program see what needs to be done, either in the sense of the daily diary, invoices to be sent, the fees recorded for the month to date (and previous month) to date etc. Literally with the 'click of a button' you have the information you seek on one screen! Since we started using LawPracticeZA, we found that Andrew and his team went out of their way to accommodate us and they made various changes to the program in order to make it even easier to use and to suit our specific needs. The bookkeeping functions are also easy to use, the financial reports are in Excel, which is very helpful and with our auditors' visit the information sought was quick at hand. What mostly impressed us was the after sale service, the training, patiently listening to our needs and actually then doing something about it.
much more intuitive than similar, competing programmes- Terry Winstanley
I have found this programme to be invaluable. It is much more intuitive than similar, competing programmes, is easy to understand and to operate, even for the technologically challenged! The support during my initial stages of using the programme was prompt, efficient and very patient. I have no hesitation in recommending this programme to any attorney in any sized firm.
an essential tool for the modern legal practice- Richard Summers
LawPracticeZA is an efficient time-capturing, billing and accounting software package. It is user-friendly, empowering and an essential tool for the modern-day legal practice
Great Software, easy to use...- Jens Gembicki
We moved to LawPracticeZA almost a year ago and are very happy with the system. Great Software, easy to use, and the updates are always making it better. It’s a good offering at a good price! Thanks to the LawPracticeZA team!
Easy and convenient to use- Prebash Naicker - Bookkeeper
In the beginning I was a bit sceptical of LawPracticeZA as I was comfortable using our previous accounting programme. LawPracticeZA were able to tailor make the programmes to suit our requirements and the interfaces were easy and convenient to use. At a click of a mouse I was able to generate specific reports without any hassles or time consuming tasks. Their support services are outstanding as issues are resolved speedily and requests to fine tune the programme, reports etc are acted upon immediately. Overall it is a pleasant experience working with LawPracticeZA.
a pleasure to work with and very user friendly- Karusha Iyer
We are really impressed with the LawPracticeZA site. It has been a pleasure to work with and very user friendly. TNK attorneys are also impressed with the after sale service of the product, which service has been extremely efficient in solving any minor problems at any time. We are pleased with the product, which saves us time in drafting our accounts and keeps a proper diary record and updates us on all matters. We would recommend and urge other firms to get onto this system, as it makes drafting of all accounts simple and easy.
Easy to use- Reinhardt Jansen van Vuuren
Just a quick thank you. Your system is easy to use and I have managed to deal with all of my administrative issues (sending of accounts) in less than an hour.
Drafting accounts is quick and simple which has led to both a dramatic increase in the number of invoices we have been able to generate monthly- William Hardy
LawPracticeZA has proved to be a valuable addition to our firm. The interface is simple and easy to use, making training staff easy and fast. The cloud nature of the server saves costs and administration on backups giving us peace of mind. Drafting accounts is quick and simple which has led to both a dramatic increase in the number of invoices we have been able to generate monthly and increased the accuracy of those accounts. The many reports provided has further enabled us to quickly and easily follow up on outstanding accounts and track the progress of our fee earners. Most notable however has been the willingness of the staff at LawPracticeZA to take on suggestions for improvements in the software and the speed with which they are implemented.
Above and beyond the fantastic system itself the support service is phenomenal!- Alex Davies
We cannot recommend LawPracticeZA enough! After trying 2 well known practice management systems in the past and finding both of them to be inefficient or inconvenient with their long and complicated ways of posting a fee or their fussy connection requirements finding LawPracticeZA was so exciting! A fantastic system for a really good price! The system is so simple there is no need to go for training on how to use it. Everything is cloud based so there is no struggle with installing or connecting to servers in the office in order to use it. This is a huge advantage as there is full access anywhere and anytime. The simplicity of the system and the ease of use saves huge amounts of unbillable administrative time and ensures that everything is in order. Generating invoices or statements for clients can be done in a few clicks. We have had positive feedback from our clients who appreciate the ease of the system and nice features like being to open invoices from their statements by clicking on their hyperlinked invoice numbers. It makes both of our lives easier. Above and beyond the fantastic system itself the support service is phenomenal! Andrew and the team personally respond to queries extremely quickly, normally within a few minutes. It is amazing!
[LawPracticeZA] has made an immensely positive impact on my business and practice- Niesaam Kellerman
I am currently and have been an extensive user of LawPracticeZA. I confirm that the usage of the software has made an immensely positive impact on my business and practice, both on collections of outstanding bills as well as the keeping of records of information, without having to worry about computer crashes. Dealing with Andrew Spagnoletti is a pleasure. He makes the turnaround time of enquiries seem effortless and painless, as he responds immediately and resolves fast. I am happy to be partnered with such a great person and a phenomenally good product. Any practice in the industry of law, is making their greatest investment when they choose LawPracticeZA as their primary tool of operations. The product is an industry must-have.
A fantastic tool... back office support has been exceptional- Chris Parsons
LawPracticeZA has been a fantastic tool to manage my accounting requirements and the back office support has been exceptional. Thank you LawPracticeZA for making it easier to manage my accounts. Yours sincerely
Attractive and Easy to Use but don't be deceived
LawPracticeZA's simple interface belies a powerful, complex system with a great deal of automation and controls for maintaining accounting and data integrity.
- makes managing matters a breeze
- makes recording fees quick and easy to do at the time they happen, or later
- produces beautiful and professional proformas and invoices in seconds
You can evaluate LawPracticeZA for yourself right now. Head down to Get Started and after a quick review process you will have your own private instance of LawPracticeZA, with some sample data to play with, and a full manual. No hardware or software to install, instant access via your browser, whether using an Apple Mac, PC, Tablet or smartphone. Connect from anywhere, at home or at the office.
LawPracticeZA is Software-as-a-Service (SaaS)
- Completely browser-based
- Hosted locally in South Africa
- Private and Secure
Liberating, Effective and Time-Saving
- Enables you to work securely from anywhere with internet
- Gives you the freedom to use whatever device or operating system you like
- Keeps fee earners on their billing targets
- Encapsulates all the right accounting controls you need to maintain your records with accuracy and integrity as things happen
- Keeps your data safe
- Liberates you from dependence on expensive and unreliable on-site support
- Offers unlimited online support
LawPracticeZA's Features Batteries included
|✓ Billing and Time-Keeping with work-in-progress, quotations and pro forma invoicing||✓ Fee Earner Targets||✓ Matter Diary and Timesheets|
|✓ Full Business Accounting||✓ Full Trust Accounting||✓ LPC 86(4) Investment Accounting formerly Section 78 2(A)|
|✓ Multiple Currency Bill and receipt in any currency||✓ Matter Attachments Store files and notes on matters securely||✓ Website Integration let your clients and suppliers submit their company info through your firm's website|
|✓ Securely hosted in RSA on expertly managed private server infrastructure with backups and tight security regime||✓ Works on all major devices and operating systems||✓ Backups included|
|✓ Document Automation for cost estimates, letters of engagement and more||✓ No installation or special IT required save on call-out fees and risky onsite servers which are vulnerable to ransomware||✓ Streamlined FICA information collection|
|✓ Recurring Billing for retainers and subscription services||✓ Bulk invoice and statement emailing with bounce monitoring||✓ Bank Reconciliation with automated imports from all SA banks|
|✓ Opt-in Integrations with e4, Google Calendar, Microsoft O365 Outlook Calendar, Paper Cut, Softlog … and we're always working on more||✓ Free conversion from legacy system||✓ Unlimited online support at no extra charge|
|✓ Payroll Generate payslips, manage leave and UIF for your firm's staff|
Privacy and Security
You are our customer, not our data.
LawPracticeZA is a 100% self-financed, family-owned business based here in South Africa. LawPracticeZA makes extensive use of open-source technology for security and quality reasons. Our suppliers do not have access to the data you entrust us with and it is deployed on infrastructure that is under only our control. This means that your data is not shared with other companies or services, other than the third-party integrations, like Google or Office 365 Calendar, which you may choose to enable, explicitly. Even with these integrations enabled, the minimum data is shared in order for the integration to function. For example, with calendar integrations, only the information necessary for syncing of diary entries is shared.
We do not sell your data to anyone, ever, and we do not share summary information or other types of aggregated or analytical reductions of your data with anyone, aside from broad, anonymised measurements we use for marketing purposes which you may see on this website (such as number of firms using LawPracticeZA, approximate geographical distribution, etc). Our staff are able to access data on a need-to-know basis only in order to provide you with service and support, for the purposes of using our product safely and effectively. We are committed to the highest levels of privacy and security for you, our LawPracticeZA user.
Good News for Conveyancers
LawPracticeZA is now integrated with e4 Transfers. This integration eliminates duplicate financial capturing between conveyancing and account management systems and dramatically increases the efficiency and accuracy of client and matter accounts.
The integration requires a special e4 user to be added to your LawPracticeZA instance at no additional cost. Contact us if you need assistance setting up the integration.
Recent Updates from the Developers Continuous Improvement
LawPracticeZA has been built with an API-first approach. All business logic operations and data IO can be performed securely over our secure RESTful JSON API mounted at /api. This means that developers are free to integrate LawPracticeZA with other systems such as document generation, business management, customer relationship management, etc. See the API guide in our manual for further reading.
|Base Price Includes all bookkeeper, admin/support staff & auditor logins||R960|
|Per Lawyer (attorney, candidate attorney or advocate)||R480|